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Who is Satan (Iblees)

[Surah Al-A’raaf: 11 – 17]

And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.

[ Allah ] said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” [Satan] said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”

[ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased.

[Satan] said, “Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”

[ Allah ] said, “Indeed, you are of those reprieved.”

[Satan] said, “Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You].”

The last verse also describes the hatred of Satan for mankind.

Origin of Satan [Iblees] (Angel or Jinn)

Satan was one of the Jinn when Allah granted him heavens due to his worship. However some scholars disagree with this. They say Satan was one of the Angels. They speak of this verse from the Qur’an that says:

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers. (al-Baqara 34)

It might appear as if Iblees was from the angels, but then in another verse:

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn, and departed from the command of his Lord… (al-Kahf 50)

The verse confirms that he was originally a Jinni. Yet another proof of this is from [Surah Al-A’raaf, verse 12]:

“… [Satan] said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”

Also, The Prophet (saw) said,

“The angels have been created from light, the jinn from fire and Adam was created from what has been told [In the Qur’an]”

Knowing this, we cannot assume that Satan was an angel. Some people, however, still believe that Satan is mere an evil conscience and a lower-animal-part of man. But that is not true. Qur’an verifies all the above.

The rest, Allah knows best.

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Courtesy of Dr. Umar Sulaiman & Jamaal al-Din. JazakAllahu Khairan.

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One Response to “Who is Satan (Iblees)”

  1. osama says:

    Thank you, very good article.

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